Basic Self-defense

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Self-defense is a counter-measure involving defending oneself from harm and safeguarding your health. This can either be physical (armed & unarmed) or mental. Physical involves using a physical force to counter an immediate threat of violence; Unarmed usually involves the use of martial arts and other disciplines like boxing to protect oneself and the choice of the technique is usually based on the person’s lifestyle.

Armed involves the use of various weapons for self-defense and legal restrictions greatly limit the use of these. Mental usually involves training one’s psyche to quickly adjust to the threat level and adjust the physique to proper combat that threat. Lacking the tenacity to apply your physical techniques can be almost as bad as not knowing any self-defense techniques; these are rarely taught at martial arts schools but a combination of these can make a person a weapon, provided the correct mindset.


This post looks at some basic self-defense techniques that can get you out of a fix:


Breaking a wrist hold

When your assailant has grabbed you by the wrist, the best option is not to just blatantly pull away from them, instead, rotate your wrist up to the point your thumb lines up with the point at which your assailant’s thumb meets their fingers and jerk sharply by bending your arm at the elbow; This ensures that once your hand is free, you are in balance.


Guillotine choke

guillotine-chokeThis is a popular move amongst jiu-jitsu and MMA fighters. It works, whether when you are on your back or when you are standing. First of all, you need to pull your assailant’s head into your chest or towards your armpit, with one arm reach around and slide your forearm under and across their throat then lock your hands together and drop the choking elbow slightly and pull up into their throat to cut off their supply of air.



This might seem like one of the most useless methods of self-defense but never underestimate its power as there is a reason why it is a person’s first instinct when caught in an arduous situation. It has its benefits which include throwing your assailant off balance when timed properly, summoning up the courage within you and acting as a beacon for help.


Elbow strikes

These are very effective for common humans as the elbow is a very strong section of the body that can undergo high levels of stress without pain or breakage. These are more effective at closer range than punches as punches require the puncher to build momentum behind it and bad techniques actually lead to people breaking their wrists.



headbuttExecuting the proper headbutt can be sometimes tricky since people always assume that it hurts more than the damage it inflicts, this is wrong. The easiest way to catch your assailant unawares is to grab them by their collar, push back then jerk forwards. This act disengages their shoulders, opening up their arms and leaving a clean path to your target. After doing that simply thrust forward and make sure you are facing the ground when connecting to their face.


Ear strike/clap

The ears are one of the most sensitive regions on any human being. Simply cupping your hand and slamming it on your attacker’s ear can throw them off balance as the force sends a blast of air into the ear canal, thereby pressurizing it. If a person is lucky enough, the force behind this blow can rupture the ear drum and offer the victim enough time to vamoose as the assailant remains stunned.


Eye jab or poke

Better hope your assailant doesn’t have shades or a helmet on. This move requires accuracy, speed and timing. All it takes is a simple touch on the eye or a poke can leave your assailant blinded with blood or crying, giving you a chance to run. During the jab, make sure your fingers are close to one another and slightly bent to avoid injury on the joints.


Solar Plexus strike

solar-plexus-strikeThe solar plexus strike is designed to knock the wind off of your assailant. It is a complex network of nerves located in the abdomen and is located right behind the stomach. When executed right, it will knock the wind off the assailant, giving you some time to quickly flee from the scene.


Nose strike

This is executed by targeting your attacker’s nose with a palm strike upwards. Using this position is very effective especially if you want to break the person’s nose and is very painful. It also releases a lot of blood that is very distracting and if any of you have ever broken their noses, you know this cannot be taken lightly.


Target the groin

Quite simple, stand facing the assailant with your dominant leg placed slightly behind you, kick your leg straight upwards and out, leaning back slightly to help with balance and connect your shin to the groin region. Note: Don’t use the knee or foot.


In conclusion

Following the above simple rules should help you get through some situations where the assailants are not well trained, but the best option is to get in touch with professionals in these fields and actually train once in a while, you never know when such skills may come in handy.